From Stamps of the World
The Duchy of Brunswick (German: Herzogtum Braunschweig) was a historical German state, consisting of 6 enclaves for 3,690 km². Its capital was the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig). It was established as the successor state of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. It was divided in 6 districts: Brunswick, Wolfenbüttel, Helmstaedt, Gandersheim, Holzminden and Blankenburg, for a total of 251,000 inhabitants (1850 ca). In the course of the 19th-century history of Germany, the duchy was part of the German Confederation, the North German Confederation and from 1871 the German Empire. It was disestablished after the end of World War I, its territory incorporated into the Weimar Republic as the Free State of Brunswick. Now mainly in Lower Saxony.
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